Image
Menu Image

Almond (Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D.A. Webb) Skins as a Potential Source of Bioactive Polyphenols


Reference:

Monagas M, Garrido I, Lebrón-Aguilar R, Bartolome B, Gómez-Cordovés C. Almond (Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D.A. Webb) Skins as a Potential Source of Bioactive Polyphenols. J Agric Food Chem. 2007;55(21):8498-507.


Abstract:

An exhaustive study of the phenolic composition of almond ( Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D.A. Webb) skins was carried out in order to evaluate their potential application as a functional food ingredient. Using the HPLC-DAD/ESI-MS technique, a total of 33 compounds corresponding to flavanols, flavonols, dihydroflavonols and flavanones, and other nonflavonoid compounds were identified. Peaks corresponding to another 23 structure-related compounds were also detected. MALDI-TOF MS was applied to characterize almond skin proanthocyanidins, revealing the existence of a series of A- and B-type procyanidins and propelargonidins up to heptamers, and A- and B-type prodelphinidins up to hexamers. Flavanols and flavonol glycosides were the most abundant phenolic compounds in almond skins, representing up to 38-57% and 14-35% of the total quantified phenolics, respectively. Due to their antioxidant properties, measured as oxygen-radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) at 0.398-0.500 mmol Trolox/g, almond skins can be considered as a value-added byproduct for elaborating dietary antioxidant ingredients.

Bikram

Keywords:


PRINT

BACK TO LATEST RESEARCH