Tree nuts are grown all over the world, and most types are grown here in Australia. Tree nuts have been commercially grown in Australia for more than 100 years, with productivity increasing. The only nuts that aren’t grown at all in Australia are Brazil nuts, as they need the rainforests of the Amazon to grow.


Almonds are grown in several regions in Australia, with five major growing regions: Adelaide and the Riverland (South Australia); Sunraysia (Victoria); Riverina (New South Wales); Swan Region (Western Australia). Almonds are also grown in the USA and Spain. Australia is the second largest producer of almonds in the world, behind California, USA.

Brazil nuts

Brazil nuts can only grow in South America, as they need the rainforests of the Amazon valley of Brazil, Peru and Bolivia to grow.


A native of Brazil, now grown in Vietnam, India, Africa and Brazil, with some small orchards in northern Queensland.  


Australian chestnuts are grown principally in the southern states of Australia, including: Orange, Southern Tablelands, Blue Mountains and Batlow (New South Wales); Northern and Central Tasmania; North-east and Central, and East of Melbourne (Victoria); Adelaide Hills (South Australia); South-west (Western Australia). Around 70% of Australia’s production is located in the North East of Victoria. 


Hazelnuts are not native to Australia, and commercial varieties in Australia are cultivars of the European hazelnut. Hazelnuts in Australia are imported from Turkey, the USA and Spain.

Hazelnuts are also grown in the temperate areas of south-eastern Australia. The main production regions are the Central Tablelands, near Orange, and Narrandera (New South Wales); and around Myrtleford, north-east Victoria. They are also grown in central and Eastern Victoria and increasingly in northern Tasmania. Small levels of production are also evident in South Australia and Western Australia.


Macadamias are Australia’s native nut and are grown along the eastern seaboard of New South Wales and Queensland, from Port Macquarie in the south to the Atherton Tablelands in the north. 

Around half of the Australian crop is produced in NSW and half in Queensland. Macadamias are also grown in Hawaii (USA), South Africa, Kenya and Guatemala.


Well known as a native American nut, the majority of Australian pecans are grown in the Gwydir Valley, east of Moree in northern inland New South Wales. Smaller scale production extends from the Hunter Valley and Nelsons Bay on the NSW Central Coast to the Mid North Coast near Kempsey and the North Coast around Lismore.

Orchards can also be found in Queensland at Mundubbera and Eidsvold in the south east in the Lockyer Valley and south to the NSW border. Smaller plantings also exist in South Australia and Western Australia. Pecans are also grown in the USA, Mexico and South Africa.

Pine nuts

Most pine nuts in Australia are imported from Asia and the Mediterranean, but there is a small orchard near Mt Hotham in Victoria.


The major pistachio production areas are along the Murray River Valley between Swan Hill in Victoria and Waikerie in South Australia. Further plantings are located in central west Victoria and Pinnaroo in South Australia. A central commercial processing facility is located in Robinvale in Victoria. Pistachios are also grown in the USA, Iran and Turkey.


A native of the northern hemisphere, major supplies to Australia come from California, USA and China, but they are also grown in Chile and Eastern Europe.

Major production areas in Australia are on the east coast of Tasmania, the Goulburn Valley near Shepparton and the Murray Irrigation near Kerang and Swan Hill (Victoria); and the Riverina near Griffith and Leeton (NSW). Small scale orchards are scattered in the Ovens Valley, Gippsland and Central region of Victoria; Southern Highlands and Central Tablelands (NSW); the Adelaide Hills and Riverland regions (South Australia); and in the south west (Western Australia).


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